Small kitchen designs use space-saving elements to maximize functionality. Galley kitchens with counters that face each other are popular for small spaces. If you conceal dishwashers, refrigerators, and other appliances behind cabinet faces or in drawers, you can keep things simple and clean. Use light colors, open shelving, and pass-through windows to make a smaller kitchen design seem more spacious and airy. Make your countertops serve double-duty with built-in cutting surfaces. Or, use countertops as eating surfaces (with bar-height counters). You can move smaller appliances, such as microwaves, underneath cabinets to free up counter space for food preparation. You can also pack storage into a small kitchen design by using compact cabinet placement and built-in shelves, wine racks, and other storage elements.